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Ethiopia is a country of great geographical diversity. Located within the tropics, its physical conditions and variations in altitude have resulted in great range of terrain, climate, soil, flora and fauna. Ethiopia has high and rugged mountains, flat-topped plateau called “Ambas,” deep gorges, incised river valleys and vast rolling plains. Its altitude ranges from the highest peak at Ras Dashen (4620 meters above sea level) down to the Dalol (also known as the Danakil) depression,…
Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Location: in the East of Africa, 8° 0' 0" N / 39° 0' 0" E Area: 1,104,300 sq. km Capital City: Addis Ababa Other major cities: Adama (Nazret or Nazareth), Hawassa (Awassa), Dire Dawa, Jimma, Bahir Dar, Mekele Sea Port: Ethiopia is landlocked but uses Djibouti port; Berbera Port in Somaliland and Port Sudan in Sudan are also used occasionally. There is plan to use Mombasa port in…
Addis Ababa, the Federal Capital, lies in the central plateau at an altitude of 2,400 meters, 90 north of the equator. Its average annual temperature is 160C (600F). Average annual rainfall is 122.1 millimeters.Young as cities go, Addis Ababa was founded in 1887, and has a population of about 3 million. It is the seat of the Federal Government, the African Union (AU), and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). Several other regional…
Ethiopia is strategically located in northern part of Africa known as the “Horn of Africa”, at crossroads between Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. It has a population of 72.4 million (2004) ranking the third most populous country in Africa after Nigeria and Egypt. It covers an area of 1.14 km2 (445,000 square miles) with population density of 58.9 inhabitants per km2 (2002). It is bordered by Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Eritrea to…